DC DC converter schematic description
Description of the DC/DC converter project .
The schematics for the DC/DC converter is built around the UC3843 generic, low cost PWM controller. This very common PWM controller generate a duty-cycle modulated square wave ranging from 0 to 100%, at a user fixed frequency of 100KHz. The operating frequency is fixed via the C13 capacitor. In practice the UC3843 sense the output voltage via the resistive partitor P1/R5 that (thanks to the P1 trimmer) allow the user to change the DC/DC output voltage.
The input voltage can be set from 8V (lower limit for the UC3843) and 20V (upper limit for the mosftets gate voltage). The DC/DC output voltage can be changed between the input voltage (the output cannot be lower than the input for the circuit topology) and about the breakdown voltage of the output components. The main limitation is the total dissipated power: in fact we measured an efficiency of about 90-95% (depending on the quality of components): if the output power is about 120W (24V@5A) the dissipated power is 6-12W and without cooler the risk is to overheat the output capacitors, the inductor, the schottky diode and the mosfets. In practice with the output at 24V, 4A no particular components must be used, in case of higher power only "selected" components (see table) must be used. At the increase of the power the criticals components are the following:
- Input capacitors: choose low ESR capacitors (selected for DC/DC converters).
- Output capacitors: choose low ESR capacitors (selected for DC/DC converters).
- Schottky diode: choose high current and lower voltage drop diode.
- Inductor: choose wire with bigger diameter.
- Mosfets: choose mosfet with lower Rds(on).
The ESR value of the capacitors must be minimized at 100KHz frequency, the ESR resistance at 50-60Hz, commonly listed in the capacitors datasheets, is not useful for DC/DC converter selection.
: the inductor toroid must be selected with high care. The right toroid must have a quite low "Al" parameter (below 100nH/n^2) and have sufficient room to fit all thewire turns. In the reference example we used an iron powder toroid with the Al=80nH/n^2, with 15 turns of 1.25mm diameter wire. The inductor value should be in the range 15..20uH, and we obtained L1=80*15*15=18uH. The room in the PCB for the inductor is about 23-24mm, for this select an appropriate size for the toroid and wire.
DC/DC (below 100W) critical components partlist
In the "Below 100W" DC/DC converter version, the components are non critical, for this can be replaced with some equivalents with similar characteristics.
- Q1,Q2,Q3: IRF540N.
- L1 wire: 0.8-1mm diameter.
- D1: MBR1060.
- C1,C2,C3,C4: 470uF, 63V not selected.
DC/DC (over 100W) critical components partlist
In the "Over 100W" DC/DC converter version, the components are critical, for this can be replaced with some equivalents with selected characteristics.
- Q1,Q2,Q3: IRF1404.
- L1 wire: 1.25-1.5mm diameter.
- D1: MBR1545.
- C1,C2,C3,C4: 470uF, 63V low ESR, selected for DC/DC converters.
DC/DC converter non-critical components partlist
The non critical components are the following.
- U1: UC3843BN.
- R1,R2,R11: 10 Ohm, 1/4W.
- R5: 1KOhm, 1/4W.
- R4: 4.7KOhm, 1/4W.
- R3: 7.5KOhm, 1/4W.
- R6: 27KOhm, 1/4W.
- R7: 10KOhm, 1/4W.
- P1: 20KOhm, multiturn trimpot.
- C10: 100nF, 50V.
- C11: 100nF, 50V.
- C12: 100pF, 50V.
- C13: 1nF, 50V.
2008-08-07 :: phanikumarhi,sir good morning
mr.phanikumar from india ihave seen u r dc to dc circuit
instade of uc3843 shall i use 3842 or 38444
skt of mbr 1060 diode shall i use byq 28-200
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